Our Raptors




At present, we focus our education on species native to our beautiful state of South Dakota. All of the education birds at the Black Hills Raptor Center are permanently injured. For some the injury is physical, for others the injury is mental.

Our US Fish & Wildlife Service permit requires that our avian ambassadors be non-releasable. At present we focus our education on species native to our state of South Dakota.

YES! I want a Kestrel/Screech Owl nest box for my property! Click on the image below to see pricing.

Hendrix, American Kestrel:


The American Kestrel is the smallest species of falcon in North America, and the most colorful. Colorful is a good description for Hendrix’s personality.

He is an accidentally imprinted bird, which occurred before he joined our organization. At a critical point in his development as a chick, he saw humans instead of other kestrels, so he is confused about his species.

His lack of fear around humans would be very dangerous in the wild but makes him ideal for education. He is quite willing to vocalize in the presence of humans, so you may hear him chattering if he visits your event.

Because most American Kestrels migrate out of South Dakota for the winter months, we provide supplemental heat to keep him warm in winter. This means bringing him into the house of one of our co-founders.

Sounds fun, right? Not so much. Hendrix begins calling at sunrise each day, and won’t stop for about 5 hours.

Little Red Riding Hoot, Eastern Screech Owl:

Eastern screech owls have two color phases. The more brown/gray patterning is more common the further west you travel in the bird’s range. “”Little Red” has no vision in one eye, and it is limited in the other. The injury was likely caused by a collision with a vehicle. She came to the Raptor Center from Raptor Rehabilitation of Kentucky, Inc. in Louisville.

Typically non-vocal, eastern screech owls are a very common species. While children’s stories tell us that owls “hoot”, the eastern screech owl has several calls and none of them are at all close to a “hoot”! Listen here for a couple different calls that are common. https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Eastern_Screech-Owl/

Most often screech owls will call in the springtime, as they first seek a mate. Calls also serve to keep the pair bond strong while the young are being raised and fledged from the nest.

Look for eastern screech owls in broken off tree branches, or hollows in tree trunks.

Big Bad Wolf, Eastern Screech Owl:


Big Bad Wolf (or “Wolfie”) exhibits the brown/gray patterning more common in the western portion of the bird’s range. Like Little Red, Wolfie sustained head trauma and resulting mental and vision issues.

While these little owls are common, their size, camouflage, and nocturnal habits make them challenging to find on walks through the woods.

Their camouflage is made even better by their uncanny ability to stand without moving for hours on end.

It is important for a screech owl to be still in order to survive undetected – plenty of predators would be happy to make a snack of these tiny owls.

Iná, Short-eared Owl:


Rapid City lies in the meeting place between prairie and forest. One of the silent predators of the prairie is the Short-eared Owl.

You can recognize them best by the dark mask around their pale yellow eyes.

Our short-eared owl is named Iná, Lakota for “dear mother.” She is another case of accidental imprinting in her youth.

Iná is very comfortable going to programs – she is quite curious!

This owl is one that can be seen hunting during the day, seeking out the small rodents that populate grassland and farmland.

Want a cool Black Hills Raptor Center coffee mug? Click on the coffee mug image below.

Phoenix, Ferruginous Hawk:


The queen of the prairie! The Ferruginous Hawk is the largest North American buteo, which is a group of hawks that share broad wings for soaring and a more laid-back hunting style. Ferruginous hawk food items include prairie dogs, gophers, and large snakes. Most are very fierce and formidable birds. They have to be, in order to survive. They nest and eat on the ground, leaving them vulnerable to other predators.

Phoenix is a victim of the West Nile Virus, which caused her to have permanent brain damage. Hunting for herself is no longer possible.

Unlike most Ferruginous hawks, she is fairly easy to handle and deals well with being an avian ambassador. We think the disease that grounded her has changed her personality.

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Elise, Red-tailed Hawk:

Elise, our prima donna was hatched in Arizona in 1989. Stolen from her nest by people who wanted a unique pet, she became imprinted on humans. When rescued by the Arizona Game & Fish services, she was terribly sick from being fed an incorrect diet.

Elise came to South Dakota in 1990. In South Dakota she was doing flight shows at the Reptile Gardens. Eventually she began to be part of school educational presentations. Elise has been with the Black Hills Raptor Center since our founding in 2010!

As an educational ambassador for all birds of prey for BHRC she has visited almost 2,500 classrooms. Because of her advanced age, she is retired from the BHRC’s educational programs.

Enjoy the photos of our raptors below.

Phoenix, Ferruginous Hawk
Photos of raptors
Photograph of The Great Horned Owl perched on a fence post. | Black Hills Raptor Center
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